Care of Rose Trees

rose tree care

Looking for a colorful way to make a grand statement? If you like to potter around in the garden, then do what the nobles of the past did and surround your home with rose trees.

Doing so will definitely add an air of elegance to any landscape.

Rose trees, also known as Rose Standards, differ from rose plants or rose shrubs in that they are actually cultivated to resemble a tree.

A rose tree consists of a long, slender cane, 32 – 36 inches (about 1 meter) in length, void of any foliage from which an abundance of rose flowers literally burst forth. The 'tree' is created by making two grafts: one at the top of the central cane to support the hybrid tea, grandiflora or floribunda and one at the bottom, at the rootstock.

Miniature roses are created in a similar manner, the difference being that the central cane measures only approximately 24 inches. Whether regular-sized or miniature, the end result is a unique rose that has the shape of a lollipop.

Rose Tree Care

To endure the weight of the grafted rose on top, the central cane usually must be staked. Extra care must be taken in areas prone to wind, where staking is especially important.

Another problem with rose trees, besides the usual pests and diseases that plague all roses, is the sun. The cane part of the tree rose is especially susceptible to sun scald.

Rose Tree Winter Care

During the winter months it's difficult to protect rose trees from the cold. With regular roses, all that's required to prepare for winter is a layer of mulch around the base.

But with the rose tree, to be protected from the cold, mulch must be placed all the way up the cane. The only way to accomplish this is either by relocating the rose tree during the winter, or by engineering a container made from wire mesh to surround the cane that can be filled with mulch.

Rose Tree Pruning Tips

Besides the seasonal rose tree care, growers have to diligently prune rose trees to achieve the right look. The central cane should never be pruned, only the flowering top part.

How you prune will depend on the type of rose that sits atop the cane so know the right way before beginning. Improperly pruned roses, regardless of type, are more prone to diseases. And with the rose tree, it can cause an uneven distribution of weight that could break the stems.

Rose Tree Species

You'll find several different species of rose trees. One of the more recent to hit the market is the 'double decker' rose tree that produces two layers of flowers. One is on top, as you would normally expect to see, and the other layer begins closer to the ground although this layer is not considered ground covering. Yellow Ribbons Double Decker is a beauty.

Another popular rose tree is the 'weeping' tree where arched rose stems overflowing with roses cascade towards the ground. The Roseberry Blanket Weeping Tree Rose produces large-sized fuchsia blooms.

Even though Rose Standards require more love and care, the attention they'll get when they're established and in full bloom is well worth the effort. They'll add height to your garden and bursts of vibrant color throughout your landscape.

[Photo credit: Nata S,]

You can get my Free 51 Rose Gardening Tips here.